Dental implant can be the solution for various dental problems of many people. Many of the problems caused by lack of teeth can be prevented. Lack of teeth poses both aesthetic and health risks. Examining its aesthetic aspect, it can be shown that defective teeth diminish self-confidence, we dare to smile less often, which leads to the decline of our self-esteem and this also affects our social relationships. The health aspects of the lack is not beneficial, too: chewing ability is reduced at the place of the lost tooth (as we know, gastrointestinal problems arise in case of inadequate grinding of the food), the teeth may move away from their original position, various mandibular joint problems may appear due to lack of teeth. After the tooth is removed, the tooth socket loses its original function (tooth holder function), then the soft tissues collapse, the bone part collapses and begins to become thinner. The volume of this bone mass becomes significantly smaller than those tissue conditions that form the dental structure having its own tooth. Earlier technologies made dental prostheses possible with the so-called bridges, but due to the advances in technology and medicine, dental implant is well-known now. The fact that grinding of other teeth is not needed for implants obviously supports dental implants and is against bridge prostheses. Another advantage of it is that with the help of implantation, even complete dentures can be replaced. These dental prostheses are fixed on the implant, non-removable, and much more capable to restore the original chewing ability than the removable dentures. Their use almost gives the same feeling as if they were our true teeth.

Dental implantation is recommended primarily for those for whom the different preservative dental methods, fillings are no longer a solution, or their various parodontal diseases can’t be stopped (it is not possible to retain the tooth). Unfortunately, in some cases the parodontal diseases are so overwhelmed that, despite all the fight, the tooth must be removed. These cases include the consequences of an accident, when the a tooth breaks, ruptures, and there is no way to rescue it.

As described above, the implantation should be inserted immediately after tooth removal. Of course, the basic state of bone must be clarified. It is best to insert the implant into a bone which is completely healthy and free from inflammation at that time.

Bone Graft Before Implantation?

Basically, bone supply and anatomical regions determine the areas where implants can be inserted. If there is only a little bone, it is only possible to insert the implant partially. This has a long-term impact on the long-term wear of the implant. In this case it is necessary to replace the bone and to transform the anatomical regions a bit. This can be done with the patient’s own bone or with various synthetic bones. Particular anatomical deformations (e.g. the creek of the maxillary sinus in case of the upper molars and premolars) is seriously pneumatizing (they keep the air) for some patients, so the bone located here only minimally allows the implant to be received. In this case, we use the so-called sinus lifting surgery, since this bone mass should only be slightly increased. For some cases, this isn’t always a separate operation, as during the insertion of the implant, it is possible to lift the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus through the bone hole and to accumulate artificial bone material there. Otherwise, even when the shortest implant is inserted, a significant portion of the implant would be in the maxillary sinus, which would lead to the early loss of the implant and to the slide of the implant into the maxillary sinus. The so-called sinus lifting operation is a procedure which is performed with open technique, which means that after gum incision, the maxillary sinus wall at the oral vestibule side is gently uncovered, a bone window is made, and the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinus is lifted by a fine technique through this bone window. Synthetic bone under the lifted mucous membrane is collected and the implant is placed into this synthetic bone and to the little own bone material. Then, when the gum is healed, the dental prosthesis can be made to it. After the prosthesis is completed, the superstructure to be placed to the implant is also fixed. Using a screwing method, the head part is fixed to the inside of the implant, and the prosthesis or crown is fixed to the head part. There are two ways to do the latter, either by bonding or screwing again:

– if the bonding method is applied, practically the tooth cannot be removed from the head part, in this case the mucous membrane surrounding the implant can be accessed only by removing the crown.
– if a prosthesis with screw is applied, the dental prosthesis can be removed, so we can break this connection. Under the implant, the gum can be professionally cleaned, the tartar can be removed, then the prosthesis can be placed again to the implant.

Immediately Encumberable Dental Implant?

To understand the meaning of it, we need to know the essence of tooth implantation: the surface of the implant placed to the bone under the gum is made of a special material that “ossificates together” with the tooth after tooth removal or in case of interventions at the area of tooth loss during the healing period of the bone. Basically, for example, in the case of dental prosthesis, the immobilisation of the inserted artificial root is of paramount importance, therefore, they are largely excluded from the immediately encumberable category. There are, however, cases in which dental implantation is recommended as a procedure for replacing more than one missing teeth, and here there is a greater chance of consider these as an immediately encumberable implant. In such cases, more implants are connected in some form (e.g. a splint), which causes their stability to increase. There is a chance that the post-implantation chewing processes do not remove the implant structure. However, it should be emphasized that the results of many pre-implantation examinations (CT, etc.) affects the time and extent of the encumbrance capacity of the dental implant in every case.

Well-inserted and properly maintained implants are able to function for a lifetime in the oral cavity just like the original teeth. However, like as someone loses their own teeth, implants can be lost and it can happen even sooner in some uncontrolled and untreated cases. During daily tooth brushing, special attention should be paid to the tissue structures surrounding the implants and to the crowns and prostheses on the implants. It is not enough to apply simple brushing techniques; it is necessary to clean under and around the prostheses. There are several special tools for this.

We can use:

  • standard dental gloss
  • interdental brush
  • special dental gloss which can be directed below bridges and around implants
  • oral irrigator
  • or, in case of regular control examinations, professional cleaning methods around interdental embrasures like scaling, sand blasting are available

We can say that modern electric toothbrushes have a very good cleansing effect in practice, but if one can properly use a manual toothbrush to clean the whole surface of teeth and prostheses, there is almost no difference between the effect of manual and electric toothbrushes.

What are the Cases where Dental Implant is Not Recommended?

If you have

  • untreated high blood pressure
  • untreated diabetes
  • neoplastic disease

Dental implant is neither recommended for patients who have recently undergone chemotherapy or radiotherapy or are suffering from certain immune or hematopoietic disorders.

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